Early American writers first had to ensure their own survival before they could think about writing for entertainment. These early writings were more about keeping historical records than of creating something with literary value, so these works would be narratives, descriptions, observations, reports, journals, and histories. We need to be mindful of this when reading them in this current day.
Plot summary[ edit ] The story begins at dusk in Salem Village, Massachusetts as young Goodman Brown leaves Faith, his wife of three months, for some unknown errand in the forest. Faith pleads with her husband to stay with her, but he insists that the journey must be completed that night.
In the forest he meets an older man, dressed in a similar manner and bearing a physical resemblance to himself. The man carries a black serpent -shaped staff. Deeper in the woods, the two encounter Goody Cloyse, an older woman, whom Young Goodman had known as a boy and who had taught him his catechism.
Cloyse complains about the need to walk; the older man throws his staff on the ground for the woman and quickly leaves with Brown. Other townspeople inhabit the woods that night, traveling in the same direction as Goodman Brown. He then runs angrily through the forest, distraught that his beautiful Faith is lost somewhere in the dark, sinful forest.
He soon stumbles upon a clearing at midnight where all the townspeople assembled. At the ceremonywhich is carried out at a flame-lit altar of rocks, the newest acolytes are brought forth—Goodman Brown and Faith.
They are the only two of the townspeople not yet initiated. Goodman Brown calls to heaven and Faith to resist and instantly the scene vanishes. He loses his faith in his wife, along with all of humanity. He lives his life an embittered and suspicious cynic, wary of everyone around him.
In "Young Goodman Brown", as with much of his other writing, he utilizes ambiguity. To convey the setting, he used literary techniques such as specific diction, or colloquial expressions. Language of the period is used to enhance the setting.
Hawthorne gives the characters specific names that depict abstract pure and wholesome beliefs, such as "Young Goodman Brown" and "Faith".
The inclusion of this technique was to provide a definite contrast and irony. Hawthorne aims to critique the ideals of Puritan society and express his disdain for it, thus illustrating the difference between the appearance of those in society and their true identities.
The first part shows Goodman Brown at his home in his village integrated in his society. The third part shows his return to society and to his home, yet he is so profoundly changed that in rejecting the greeting of his wife Faith, Hawthorne shows Goodman Brown has lost faith and rejected the tenets of his Puritan world during the course of the night.
Believing himself to be of the elect, Goodman Brown falls into self-doubt after three months of marriage which to him represents sin and depravity as opposed to salvation. His journey to the forest is symbolic of Christian "self-exploration" in which doubt immediately supplants faith.
At the end of the forest experience he loses his wife Faith, his faith in salvation, and his faith in human goodness. Years later he wrote, "These stories were published However, there have been many other interpretations of the text including those who believe Hawthorne sympathizes with Puritan beliefs.
Author Harold Bloom comments on the variety of explanations; Stephen King has referred to the story as "one of the ten best stories written by an American". He calls it his favorite story by Hawthorne and cites it as an inspiration for his O.
Inthe story was adapted for the CBC radio program Nightfall. Inplaywright Lucas Luke Krueger, adapted the story for the stage. It was produced by Northern Illinois University. InPlayscripts Inc.
It has since been produced by several companies and high schools. Comic artist Kate Beaton satirized the story in a series of comic strips for her webcomic Hark! A History of American Literature.
Hawthorne and the Historical Romance of New England. Princeton University Press,p. Chelsea House Publishing, The Broadview Anthology of Short Fiction.- Symbolism and Irony in Young Goodman Brown Nathaniel Hawthorne's " Young Goodman Brown " is the story of a young man faced with the reality that evil is a part of human nature.
The story illustrates how naiveté can drive a person to lunacy. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day?
Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. The story “Young Goodman Brown” by Nathaniel Hawthorne is a dark and eerie tale of one man’s fear and paranoia of evil within the world. A common activity for students is to create a plot diagram of the events from a story.
Not only is this a great way to teach the parts of a plot but to. Dr. Heidegger´s Experiment by Nathaniel Hawthorne - Since the beginning of time, man has tried in vain to find a cure to the inevitable.
Sample Student Essay on Hawthorne's "Young Goodman Brown" In Nathaniel Hawthorne's short story "Young Goodman Brown," The reader must not look at "Young Goodman Brown" as just a suspenseful story but also see the many forms of symbolism the author uses. Hawthorne shows that a strong faith is the greatest asset of a man or .
The Minister’s Black Veil by Nathaniel Hawthorne - Witchcraft and a Black Veil The setting of “The Minister’s Black Veil” by Nathaniel Hawthorne occurs in Milford, Massachusetts which is less than 60 miles from Salem, a small town famous for putting hundreds of people on trial and sentencing several to death as a result of accusing them of witchcraft.