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In his log, Darwin wrote: The tuber was remarkable for both its adaptability and its nutritional value. As well as providing starch, an essential component of the diet, potatoes are rich in vitamin C, high in potassium and an excellent source of fiber.
In fact, potatoes alone supply every vital nutrient except calcium, vitamin A and vitamin D. The easily-grown plant has the ability to provide more nutritious food faster on less land than any other food crop, and in almost any habitat.
The Origin of the Potato The potato was first cultivated in South America between three and seven thousand years ago, though scientists believe they may have grown wild in the region as long as 13, years ago.
The genetic patterns of potato distribution indicate that the potato probably originated in the mountainous west-central region of the continent.
Hector Flores, "the most probable place of origin of potatoes is located between the south of Peru and the northeast of Bolivia. The archaeological remains date from bc and have been found on the shores of Lake Titicaca There are many expressions of the extended use of the potato in the pre-Inca cultures from the Peruvian Andes, as you can see in the Nazca and Chimu pottery.
As well as using the food as a staple crop, the Incas thought potatoes made childbirth easier and used it to treat injuries. At the time the Spaniards failed to realize that the potato represented a far more important treasure than either silver or gold, but they did gradually begin to use potatoes as basic rations aboard their ships.
After the arrival of the potato in Spain ina few Spanish farmers began to cultivate them on a small scale, mostly as food for livestock. From Spain, potatoes slowly spread to Italy and other European countries during the late s.
But it did not receive a warm welcome.
Throughout Europe, potatoes were regarded with suspicion, distaste and fear. Generally considered to be unfit for human consumption, they were used only as animal fodder and sustenance for the starving. In northern Europe, potatoes were primarily grown in botanical gardens as an exotic novelty.
Even peasants refused to eat from a plant that produced ugly, misshapen tubers and that had come from a heathen civilization.
Some felt that the potato plant's resemblance to plants in the nightshade family hinted that it was the creation of witches or devils. Let Them Eat Potatoes In most of Europe, the upper classes saw the potato's potential before the more superstitious lower classes, and the encouragement to begin growing potatoes had to come from above.
In meat-loving England, farmers and urban workers regarded potatoes with extreme distaste. Inthe Royal Society recommended the cultivation of the tuber to the English government and the nation, but this recommendation had little impact.
Potatoes did not become a staple until, during the food shortages associated with the Revolutionary Wars, the English government began to officially encourage potato cultivation. Inthe Board of Agriculture issued a pamphlet entitled "Hints Respecting the Culture and Use of Potatoes"; this was followed shortly by pro-potato editorials and potato recipes in The Times.
Gradually, the lower classes began to follow the lead of the upper classes. While the potato slowly gained ground in eastern France where it was often the only crop remaining after marauding soldiers plundered wheat fields and vineyardsit did not achieve widespread acceptance until the late s.
The people began to overcome their distaste when the plant received the royal seal of approval: Louis XVI began to sport a potato flower in his buttonhole, and Marie-Antoinette wore the purple potato blossom in her hair.
Frederick the Great of Prussia saw the potato's potential to help feed his nation and lower the price of bread, but faced the challenge of overcoming the people's prejudice against the plant.A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah Stephen R.
Mackinnon & John Fairbank invariably failed to separate fondness for the Chinese communist revolution from fondness for Gong Peng, the communist fetish who worked together with Anneliese Martens to infatuate American wartime reporters.
(More, refer to the Communist Platonic Club at wartime capital Chungking.). Stephen R. Mackinnon & John Fairbank invariably failed to separate fondness for the Chinese communist revolution from fondness for Gong Peng, the communist fetish who worked together with Anneliese Martens to infatuate American wartime reporters.
(More, refer to the Communist Platonic Club at wartime capital Chungking.). caninariojana.com: Causes of the English Revolution, (): Lawrence Stone: Books. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book.
The digit and digit formats both work. Abstract. The Russian Revolution of involved the collapse of an empire under Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Marxian socialism under Lenin and his Bolsheviks.