Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:
Main entrance to Hull House. Twenty Years at Hull Housep. The run-down mansion had been built by Charles Hull in and needed repairs and upgrading. Addams at first paid for all of the capital expenses repairing the roof of the porch, repainting the rooms, buying furniture and most of the operating costs.
However gifts from individuals supported the House beginning in its first year and Addams was able to reduce the proportion of her contributions, although the annual budget grew rapidly.
A number of wealthy women became important long-term donors to the House, including Helen Culverwho managed her first cousin Charles Hull's estate, and who eventually allowed the contributors to use the house rent-free.
At its height,  Hull House was visited each week by some 2, people. The Hull House was a center for research, empirical analysis, study, and debate, as well as a pragmatic center for living in and establishing good relations with the neighborhood.
Residents of Hull-house conducted investigations on housing, midwifery, fatigue, tuberculosis, typhoid, garbage collection, cocaine, and truancy. Its facilities included a night school for adults, clubs for older children, a public kitchen, an art gallerya gyma girls' club, a bathhouse, a book binderya music schoola drama group and a theater, apartments, a library, meeting rooms for discussion, clubs, an employment bureau, and a lunchroom.
In addition to making available social services and cultural events for the largely immigrant population of the neighborhood, Hull House afforded an opportunity for young social workers to acquire training.
Eventually, Hull House became a building settlement complex, which included a playground and a summer camp known as Bowen Country Club. The art program at Hull House allowed Addams to challenge the system of industrialized education, which "fitted" the individual to a specific job or position.
She wanted the house to provide a space, time and tools to encourage people to think independently. She saw art as the key to unlocking the diversity of the city through collective interaction, mutual self-discovery, recreation and the imagination.
Art was integral to her vision of community, disrupting fixed ideas and stimulating the diversity and interaction on which a healthy society depends, based on a continual rewriting of cultural identities through variation and interculturalism.
On the first floor of the new addition there was a branch of the Chicago Public Library, and the second was the Butler Art Gallery, which featured recreations of famous artwork as well as the work of local artists. Studio space within the art gallery provided both Hull House residents and the entire community with the opportunity to take art classes or to come in and hone their craft whenever they liked.
As Hull House grew, and the relationship with the neighborhood deepened, that opportunity became less of a comfort to the poor and more of an outlet of expression and exchange of different cultures and diverse communities.
Art and culture was becoming a bigger and more important part of the lives of immigrants within the 19th ward, and soon children caught on to the trend. These working-class children were offered instruction in all forms and levels of art. Places such as the Butler Art Gallery or the Bowen Country Club often hosted these classes, but more informal lessons would often be taught outdoors.
The CPSAS provided public schools with reproductions of world-renowned pieces of art, hired artists to teach children how to create art, and also took the students on field trips to Chicago's many art museums.
Twenty Years at Hull House. That mix was the ground where Hull House's inner social and philanthropic elitists tested their theories and challenged the establishment. The ethnic mix is recorded by the Bethlehem-Howard Neighborhood Center: Only Italians continued as an intact and thriving community through the Great Depression, World War II, and well beyond the ultimate demise of Hull House proper in Addams used it to generate system-directed change, on the principle that to keep families safe, community and societal conditions had to be improved.
Ethics[ edit ] Starr and Addams developed three "ethical principles" for social settlements: In the s Julia LathropFlorence Kelleyand other residents of the house made it a world center of social reform activity. Hull House used the latest methodology pioneering in statistical mapping to study overcrowding, truancy, typhoid fever, cocaine, children's reading, newsboys, infant mortality, and midwifery.
Starting with efforts to improve the immediate neighborhood, the Hull House group became involved in city- and statewide campaigns for better housing, improvements in public welfare, stricter child-labor laws, and protection of working women.
Addams brought in prominent visitors from around the world, and had close links with leading Chicago intellectuals and philanthropists.
Inshe helped start the new Progressive Party and supported the presidential campaign of Theodore Roosevelt. Although she sympathized with feminists, socialists, and pacifists, Addams refused to be labeled.
This refusal was pragmatic rather than ideological. Twenty Years at Hull House ,p. In keeping with this philosophy which also fostered the play movement and the research and service fields of leisure, youth, and human services.
Addams argued in The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets that play and recreation programs are needed because cities are destroying the spirit of youth. Hull-House featured multiple programs in art and drama, kindergarten classes, boys' and girls' clubs, language classes, reading groups, college extension courses, along with public baths, a gymnasium, a labor museum and playground, all within a free-speech atmosphere.
They were all designed to foster democratic cooperation and collective action and downplay individualism. She helped pass the first model tenement code and the first factory laws.Jane Addams Jane Addams was born in Cedarville, Illinois on September 6, She grew up in Cedarville, but later moved to Chicago where she died on May 21, of cancer.
Being a woman, she made up about fifty percent of the population. The American Documents for the Study of History AMDOCS is maintained by an unfunded group of volunteers dedicated to providing quality materials for free public access, and was founded in In her essay "Utilization of Women in City Government," Jane Addams noted the connection between the workings of government and the household, stating that many departments of government, such as sanitation and the schooling of children, could be traced back .
Addams, Jane. Democracy and Jane Addams and the Men of the Chicago School, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, Through numerous articles and books, Deegan has spearheaded an effort to have Addams recognized as one of the most important American sociologists.
Jane Addams (September 6, – May 21, ), known as the "mother" of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protestor, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
She co-founded, with Ellen Gates Starr, an early settlement house in the United States, Chicago's Hull House that. Essay about Jane Addams Words | 8 Pages. An American pragmatist and feminist, Hull-House founder Jane Addams () came of age in time of increasing tensions and division between segments of the American society, a division that was reflected in debates about educational reform.