Write sentences the way you speak - just pretend you are tellingthis to a friend, and write down what you would say.
Nevertheless, it has yet to be reflected in the school curriculum even at the primary level of pedagogy. During the early fifties Kashmiri was, no doubt, introduced in the schools of the Valley, from the I to the V Primary, not only as a subject of study but also as a medium of instruction.
But the experiment was discarded, soon after, as unfeasible on the lame excuse of a clumsy script.
Systematic implementation of the project was progressively postponed on some plea or the other. It was argued that Kashmiri could not be introduced as long as the demarcation of areas for teaching Dogri and Punjabi in the Jammu Province was not finalized; and the finalization was intriguingly delayed and delayed.
The scheme was, meantime, nipped in the bud. What, apparently, was viewed as an administrative concern, however, turned out to be a tacit dread of pressurizing by political chauvinism. Chauvinists were in fact, haunted by misconceived notions of identity-building in isolation. The dread was that the Urdu language would be considerably dislodged from the socio-cultural bases occupied by it during the Dogra period when it replaced Persian as the language of administration.
What was forgotten, conveniently, was: They are, otherwise, likely to superimpose some linguistic features of their mother tongues on the Urdu language they would per force learn as the first language which it, actually, was not.
The mother tongue, obviously, has not to be taught; what has to be taught is the script in which the mother tongue is written. It would afterwards, be easier to learn the sounds peculiar to Urdu without allowing the mother tongue interfere with the phonetic exercise involved.
Confusion arises mostly because more than one script is over- ambitiously taught to the helpless child during a single term.
A number of scripts can, nevertheless, be playfully learnt one after the other allowing enough time to practise the use of one script before another is taken up. Before we consider the pedagogical strategy in detail, however, a glance at the linguistic criss-cross of the State may throw up some relevant perspectives.
At the first glance the criss-cross appears to be quite dauntingly complex: Alongside the broad operation of what is historically recognized as the prominent language of an area we find some other languages and dialects also spoken in a particular circle, strip or pocket of the area concerned.
An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri Occasionally some of the dormant scctors of speakers suddenly wake up to a refreshing stroke of sociocultural aspiration or political ambition. That is what has been often happening and has recently happened in the case of Gojri and Pahari.
The New Kashmir blueprint had as early as rightly guaranteed rehabilitation of all the neglected tongues of the State. Let us now take the State area wise. The Valley has Kashmiri, by and large, with strips or tracts of Gojri, Shina, Pahari and Panjabi, mostly linked together by a smattering of Urdu.
Linguistic contiguity and exchange, occasionally, gives rise to a mixup like what is popularly labelled as the Sikh-Kashmiri and the Gujar-Kashmiri.
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Kashmiri is spoken by over thirty one lakhs of people in an area of over 10, sq. Though concentrated mostly within the Kashmir Valley it has a few sizable pockets across the Pir Panjal range also, particularly in the Doda district.
Smaller pockets, however, are found not only in the Poonch-Rajauri area but also at other places such as Gool-Gulabgarh, Riasi and Basohli. Despite regional variation of accent and usage, however, the Marazi and Kamrazi bolis dialects of Kashmiri are identical in structural matrix and morphological configuration.
The doyen of the Linguistic Survey of India has, no doubt, rendered monumental service to the cause of studies in Indian languages; yet, he seems to have gone astray at least on two counts.
First, the classification of the Kashmiri language as Dardic; and, secondly, insistence on labelling two free variations of the Kashmiri utterance as Hindu Dialect and Muslim Dialect.
This genius of a linguistic scholar somehow felt fascinated by the probability of such a hypothesis which unfortunately for him remained pampered within the confines of probability and did not get ratified as an objective fact of linguistic development.
Consider, for instance, a few of his observations that he published in a series of articles in the Indian Antiquary ; 1.An essay can have many purposes, but the basic structure is the same no matter what. When writing an essay to it may be to argue for a particular point of view .
Essay on Mobile Phone in Hindi अर्थात इस आर्टिकल में आप पढेंगे, मोबाइल फोन पर निबंध जिसका विषय है, मोबाइल: . Sep 27, · Baat tab ki hai jab husan parde mein rehta tha, aur ishq use dekne ke liye khuda se fariyad kiya karta tha kaha karta tha “e khuda hawa ka ik jhoka aye aur wo benakab ho jaye’ ik din ishq chal basa.
Aur husan uski kabar par phul chdane gaya jese hi husn jhuka hawa ka jhoka aya aur husan benakab ho gaya, tab kabar se awaz ayi.
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