Acute myocardial infarction

Envenomationsuch as with the venom of Atrax robustus [15] Flash pulmonary edema[ edit ] Flash pulmonary edema FPEis rapid onset pulmonary edema.

Acute myocardial infarction

Acute coronary syndrome Myocardial infarction MI refers to tissue death infarction of the heart muscle myocardium.

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It is a type of acute coronary syndromewhich describes a sudden or short-term change in symptoms related to blood flow to the heart. An MI is different from—but can cause— cardiac arrestwhere the heart is not contracting at all or so poorly that all vital organs cease to function, thus causing death.

It is also distinct from heart failurein which the pumping action of the heart is impaired. However, an MI may lead to heart failure.

Pulmonary edema - Wikipedia

Pain[ edit ] Chest pain is the most common symptom of acute myocardial infarction and is often described as a sensation of tightness, pressure, or squeezing. Pain radiates most often to the left arm, but may also radiate to the lower jaw, neck, right arm, back, and upper abdomen. In people with diabetes, differences in pain thresholdautonomic neuropathyand psychological factors have been cited as possible explanations for the lack of symptoms.

Women can also commonly back or neck pain, indigestion, heartburn, lightheadedness, shortness of breath, fatigue, nausea, or pain in the back of the jaw.

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These symptoms are often overlooked or mistaken for another condition. Eating polyunsaturated fat instead of saturated fats has been shown in studies to be associated with a decreased risk of myocardial infarction, [40] while other studies find little evidence that reducing dietary saturated fat or increasing polyunsaturated fat intake affects heart attack risk.

Calcium seen in coronary arteries can provide predictive information beyond that of classical risk factors.Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs.

It leads to impaired gas exchange and may cause respiratory is due to either failure of the left ventricle of the heart to remove blood adequately from the pulmonary circulation (cardiogenic pulmonary edema), or an injury to the lung parenchyma or vasculature of the lung (noncardiogenic pulmonary edema).

The development of left ventricular (LV) thrombus is an important complication of myocardial infarction and occurs most often with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. However, the use of reperfusion therapies, including percutaneous coronary intervention or fibrinolysis, has significantly reduced.


Acute myocardial infarction

The Effect of Intracoronary Reinfusion of Bone Marrow-derived Mononuclear Cells(BM-MNC) on All Cause Mortality in Acute Myocardial Infarction (BAMI). NICE has assessed 3 assays which measure cardiac troponin levels in the blood, to help the NHS decide whether to use these products.

The assays are called Elecsys Troponin T high sensitive, ARCHITECT STAT High Sensitive Troponin-I and AccuTnI+3. This guideline covers care and treatment of people aged 18 and over with a type of heart attack known as spontaneous onset of myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation (STEMI).

A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Revise the Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction).

Pulmonary edema - Wikipedia