But Secretary for Education Kevin Yeung Yun-hung did not say if schools would be dealt with harshly if they were found not to have reported suspected cases at an earlier stage. A page circular issued on Monday by the bureau to all kindergartens, primary and secondary schools stated that they did not need to get prior consent from parents when referring suspected child abuse cases to the Family and Child Protective Services Units of the Social Welfare Department, if they had reason to suspect parents or guardians of being the source of abuse. If schools needed to contact the parents during the process, they could check in with the units.
Chinese mothers hold their children at a kindergarten in Jiangsu province, Oct. ImagineChina The recent arrest of two kindergarten teachers over a child abuse case in the eastern Chinese province of Zhejiang has prompted calls for new child protection laws in a society where the physical punishment of children is commonplace, and often seen as necessary, analysts said.
Police in Zhejiang's Wenling city are holding kindergarten teacher Yan Yanhong, 20, after she posted photos of herself smiling while lifting a pupil at the Blue Peacock Kindergarten off the ground by the ears.
After that photo sparked a public outcry, Yan was found to have posted more than photos of child abuse on the popular chat and microblogging site QQ. Other pictures showed children, aged between four and five, with their mouths sealed by tape, dumped head-first in a trash can, with their clothes stripped off as they danced and were made to kiss each other, official media reported at the time.
Yan told local media that she was "just playing" with the children, adding: However, Yan is currently detained on suspicion of public order offenses rather than for child abuse, because China's current laws limit the definition of child abuse to actions perpetrated by family members.
More than 95 percent of netizens who responded to an online poll on Monday supported making "child abuse" a specific offense under Chinese criminal law.
Routine punishment Zhang Xingshui, a researcher into minors and the criminal justice system at Beijing's China University of Politics and Law, said that Chinese children were routinely subjected to physical punishment, perhaps blurring the notion of abuse in the public imagination.
He said there were "no specific rules" in existing legislation governing the protection of minors to forbid the physical punishment of children.
A report in the China Youth Daily newspaper said the online poll had revealed that the physical abuse of children happened mostly in their own homes, and that it was most likely to occur in households where the marital relationship was under strain.
It quoted a joint study by a nongovernment child protection group in Xi'an and the Xi'an Jiaotong University as saying that more than 60 percent of children reported being physically and verbally abused by their parents, as well as being forced to stand for long periods, and being denied food and sleep.
More than 49 percent of the elementary schoolchildren surveyed said they had been smacked, while 28 percent reported emotional abuse, including the "cold treatment," at the hands of parents.
The International Union for Child Welfare in defined "child abuse" as consisting of "neglect or abuse" of children by family members and institutions, or of exploitation outside the home in the form of child labor or prostitution. Zhang said China's "left-behind" children, whose parents were working in factories in richer cities, were at the greatest risk of abuse.
Tong, who took the pictures and uploaded them, was handed a seven-day administrative detention, the agency said.
The Blue Peacock Kindergarten had failed its educational evaluation this year, it added, according to local official Wu Guojian, who commented of Yan: Translated and written in English by Luisetta Mudie.The Child Protective Services Division investigates reports of abuse and neglect of children.
It also: provides services to children and families in their own homes; contracts with other agencies to provide clients with specialized services; places children in foster care; provides services to help youth in foster care make the transition to adulthood; and places children in adoptive homes.
Teachers and schools did not need parental consent to report suspected child abuse to the authorities, the Education Bureau confirmed, as it issued guidelines on handling such cases two weeks.
Police were never alerted; no call was made to a Social Welfare Department child abuse hotline. The girl's parents and year-old twin half-sisters were arrested and are free on bail.
Figure Unadjusted child contact sexual abuse prevalence for males, 12 studies, China 15 Figure Percentage of respondents from the WHO multi-country study who reported 15 experiencing child sexual abuse before the age of 15, Japan and Thailand.
A child abuse fatality occurs when a child's death is the result of abuse or neglect, or when abuse or neglect are contributing factors to a child's death.
In the United States, 1, children died in due to factors related to abuse; this is a rate of 2 per , U.S. children. . On plane, pope discusses sex abuse, corruption of cover-up, China pact Posted on September 25, by Newsroom Pope Francis answers questions from journalists aboard his .